DISCOGRAPHY

home

Albums | Singles | Compilations | Complete list of records


 

CLOSER

01. Atrocity exhibition
Duration: 6.03

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980

06. Heart and soul
Duration: 5.47 - fade out

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


02. Isolation
Duration: 2.52

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


07. Twenty four hours
Duration: 4.24

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


03. Passover
Duration: 4.43

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


08. The eternal
Duration: 6.05

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


04. Colony
Duration: 3.50

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


09. Decades
Duration: 6.08

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980


05. A means to an end
Duration: 4.03

Studio: Britannia Row Studio London (UK)
Recording date:
Tuesday 18–Sunday 30 March 1980




 

DETAILS

Line-up: Ian Curtis | Peter Hook | Stephen Morris | Bernard Sumner

Producer: Martin Hannett
Sound e
ngineers: John Caffery | Martin Hannett | Michael Johnson (assistant)

Total duration: 44.13 minutes


 

NOTES

Front sleeve picture was shot at the Staglieno Cemetery in Genova (Italy) by French photographer Bernard Pierre Wolff


 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Sleeve (point your mouse on the sleeve to see its back)

 


UK: Factory Records
LP (July 1980)


UK: Factory Communications Ltd
MC-box (1985)


Italy: Base Records
LP labels

 


New Zealand: EMI Records New Zealand Limited
LP labels


New Zealand: RTC
MC


USA: Qwest Records/Warner Bros. Records Inc.
CD (long cardboard sleeve) (1989)

Design: Peter Saville | Martyn Atkins | Chris Mathan
Photography: Bernard Pierre Wolff


 

GROOVE NOTATIONS

A: Old blue
B: –


 

MEMORIES

The release of Closer brought with it a burst of realization for many of those already close to Ian. His intentions and feelings were all there within the lyrics. While he lived they were equivocal, but with hindsight all was disclosed when it was too late for anything to be done. Such a sensitive composition could not have happened by accident. For me, Closer was Ian's valediction and Joy Division's finest work
(Source: Deborah CurtisTouching from a distance)


 

WORLDWIDE RELEASES

CD

UK: Factory Communications Ltd (FACD 25) – 1986: "Car Carry Case" (cardboard sleeve limited edition) also available
UK: CentreDate Co Ltd (520 015-2)
– 1992: glossy paper sleeve
UK: London Records 90 Ltd (520 015-2)
– 1994
Australia: Factory Records Australasia (FACD 25)
– April 1988
Australia: Festival Records Pty. Ltd Australia (D 30408)
Australia: Warner Music Australia (3984 28219 2): six-page booklet (different to all other pressings); sticker on jewel case
Benelux: Dureco Holland (FAC 252)
Brazil: Warner Music Brasil Ltda (398428219-2)
Canada: PolyGram Group Canada Inc. (830 685-2)
– 1987: first Canadian pressing
Canada: Warner Music Canada Ltd (39842 82192 6)
Canada: EMI Electrola GmbH/Invisible Halahup
(830 685-2) – 2000: special edition called "Closer + Still (2 In 1)", includes Closer and the first LP of Still
Europe: Warner Manufacturing Europe (3984 28219 2)
France: Virgin France SA (30216)
Germany: London Records 90 Ltd (520 015-2)
Germany: Metronome Musik GmbH (520 015-2)
Germany: Rough Trade Records GmbH (RTDCD 68): first German pressing
Japan: East West Japan Inc. (AMCE-6109)
– Thursday 22 March 2001
Japan: Nippon Columbia Co. Ltd (25CY-3102)
– 1986; reissued in 1989
Japan: Polydor K.K. (POCD-1880)
– 1992
Lithuania: Zona Records (ZNCD007)
– 1992
Poland: Sonic (Son 11)
– 1992
USA: Rough Trade Records (FACTUS VI CD)
– 1987: also available in a special long cardboard sleeve
USA: Factory Records US Product (FACTUS VI CD)
– 1988
USA: Qwest Records/Warner Bros. Records Inc. (9 25841-2)
– 1989: also available in a long cardboard sleeve

LP

UK: Factory Records (FACT XXV) – July 1980
UK: PolyGram/London Records 90 Ltd (520 015-1)
Australia: Gap Records/CBS Records Australia Limited (FACOZ 1001) – February 1982
Australia: Gap Records/EMI Australia Ltd (FACOZ 1001)
– February 1981 (should have been released mid January 1981): promo version came along with EMI Australia Ltd's catalogue
Brazil: Stiletto Records (992 527) (includes
Love will tear us apart) – 1987: promo version also available, with sticker on back sleeve
Canada: PolyGram Group Canada Inc. (FACD 01/SNB DM)
– Friday 19 June 1981: very first Joy Division record pressed in Canada
France: Virgin France SA (first pressing: 70162 | second pressing: 201882): two different pressings available
Germany: Metronome Musik GmbH (0060.361)
Germany: Rough Trade Records GmbH (RTD 68)
– 1988
Greece: Virgin Records/EMI Greece SA (VG 50086/MT 11657)
Italy: Base Record (FACT XXV)
Japan: Nippon Columbia Co. Ltd (YX-7338-AX)
– 1984
Lithuania: Zona Records (ZN007)
– 1992: inner sleeve printed on brown paper without song titles
Netherlands: Factory Records (FACT XXV)
New Zealand: EMI Records New Zealand Limited (EMC 225): second pressing in New Zealand
New Zealand: RTC (FACT 25): first pressing in New Zealand
Poland: TonPress (SX-T 108): limited edition with red labels
Portugal: Vimusica (VFact 111-2)
Spain: Edigsa (19L0094)
– 1981
Sweden: NCB (FACT-25/48508-1Y)
USA: Factory Records US Product (FACTUS VI)
– December 1980
USA: Rough Trade Records (FACTUS VI): also available on green, red and violet vinyl
USA: Qwest Records/Warner Bros. Records Inc. (9 25841-1)
– 1989: double LP Acetate (only the two A-sides are used) also available

MC

UK: Factory Communications Ltd (FACT 25C) – 1987: tape has got sticked labels
UK: London Records 90 Ltd (520 015-4) – 1994
Australia: Factory Records Australasia/Festival Records Pty. Ltd Australia (C 30408)
Australia: Gap Records/EMI Australia Ltd (TC-FACOZ 1001): limited edition of 500 copies
Canada: PolyGram Group Canada Inc. (830 685-4)
– July 1985: the name of the recording studio is misspelled (Brittania, but should read Britannia)
China: Qwest Records/av-press (Y-1694)
France: Virgin France SA (50162/PM 454)
Greece: Virgin Records/EMI Greece SA (VG 50086/MT 11657)
Italy: Base Record (FACT XXV MC)
Netherlands: CentreDate Co Ltd (520 015-4)
New Zealand: EMI Records New Zealand Limited (TCEMC-225): second pressing in New Zealand
New Zealand: RTC (FACTC25): first pressing in New Zealand
Poland: MG Records (MG 0732)
Poland: Takt Music (1184)
Portugal: Vimusica (VFact 112-2)
Saudi Arabia: 747 New Wave (7723): different booklet and tracklist
Spain: Edigsa (19C0094)
– 1981: song titles misspelled (for example Isolation is misspelled Insolation on the tape and Kolation on the sleeve)
USA: Factory Records US Product/Rough Trade Records (FACTUS VI C)
– 1987
USA: Qwest Records/Warner Bros. Records Inc. (9 25841-4)
– 1989
USA: Rough Trade Records (FACTUS VI C): different sleeve

MC-box

UK: Factory Communications Ltd (FACT 25C) – 1985: limited edition in purple box
Canada: PolyGram Group Canada Inc. (FACT 25C) – July 1985: with two stickers (one with the name and one with the address of the record company)


 

PRESS REVIEWS

Sounds (UK) (Thursday 26 June 1980) – review written by Dave McCullough

New Musical Express (UK) (Saturday 14 July 1980) – review written by Charles Shaar Murray

New Music News (UK) (Thursday 19 July 1980) – review written by Steve Montgomery

Smash Hits (USA) (Thursday 24 July–Wednesday 6 August 1980) – review written by Alastair Macauley

Melody Maker (UK) (Thursday 26 July 1980) – review written by Paulo Hewitt

Record Mirror (UK) (Thursday 26 July 1980) – review written by Mike Nicholls

Oor (Netherlands) (Monday 30 July 1980) – review written by Paul Evers

Musik Express (Germany) (Tuesday 9 September 1980)

Sounds (Germany) (September 1980) – review written by Michael Ruff

Slash (USA) (September/October 1980) – review written by Chris D.

Spex (Germany) (Friday 10 October 1980) – review written by Wi

Trouser Press (USA) (November 1980) – review written by Alec Ross

Tidal Wave (UK) (1980) – review written by Terri

Rolling Stone (USA) (Thursday 19 March 1981) – review written by Shane Nicols

Rolling Stone (USA) (Thursday 25 May 1981) – review written by Mikal Gilmore

Rolling Stone (USA) (Thursday 11 June 1981) – review written by Mikal Gilmore

Magazyn Muzyczny (Poland) (May 1989) – review written by Arkadiusz Praglowski

Rolling Stone (USA) (November 1989): ranked #56 in Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Albums Of The 80s"

New Musical Express (UK) (Saturday 3 July 1993) – review written by Danny Frost: mention "10 - Classic"; reviews of Unknown Pleasures, Still and Substance also included

Tylko Rock (Poland) (August 1993) – review written by Grzesiek Kszczotek: reviews of Unknown Pleasures, Still and Substance also included

New Musical Express (UK) (Saturday 25 September 1993): ranked #8 in New Musical Express' list of the "50 Greatest Albums Of The 80s"

Q (UK) (September 1993): mention "4 Stars - Excellent"

Select (UK) (September 1993) – review written by Stuart Maconie

New Musical Express (UK) (Saturday 2 October 1993): ranked #20 in New Musical Express' list of the "Greatest Albums Of All Time"

Pop + Rock (Greece) (July 1995) – review written by Nikoç Mnociváknç: reviews of Unknown Pleasures, Still and Substance also included

Rock De Lux (Spain) (March 1998) – review written by Jesús Llorente

New Musical Express (UK) (Saturday 12 August 2000): ranked #2 in New Musical Express' "Top 30 Heartbreak Albums"

Mojo (UK) (September 2001)

Rock & Folk (France) (October 2001) – review written by Philippe Manoeuvre

Q (UK) (January 2003): included in Q's "100 Greatest Albums Ever"

La Mosca (Mexico) (March 2003) – review written by Rogelio Flores